Agra Fort or Red Fort
Agra Fort – History
Agra Fort also known as the walled city is a UNESCO world heritage site Click To Tweet
The Fort is said to be 11 Century old. The present structure that we see now was built by the Mughals. Agra Fort holds an enormous historical significance.
Agra Fort happened to be the palace of kings from different dynasties. History records that Sikandar Lodhi (1488-1517) was the first Sultan of Delhi who shifted to Agra from Delhi and governed the country, India from here. Click to Tweet
In 1526, Mughals became the new owners after defeating Ibrahim Lodhi, son of Sikandar Lodhi in the first battle of Panipat.Click to Tweet
They also seized a vast treasure, include the diamond-“Kohinoor” which now adorns the Crown and Jewel of the Queen Elizabeth. Click to Tweet
Agra Fort remained home for five generations in Mughal Dynasty – Babur, Humayun, Akbar, Shah Jahan, Aurangzeb. Click to Tweet
The Fort was invaded by the Marathas in mid 18th century. Then in the third battle of Panipat it was taken over by Ahmad Shah Abdali in 1761. Click to Tweet
In 1857, during the Indian rebellion of 1857 it was the site of battle which eventually resulted the down fall of the British Empire. Click to Tweet
Agra Fort is located (270 10′ 47”N & 780 1′ 22” E) on the right bank of the river Yamuna. It is 2.5 kms northwest of Taj Mahal
Delhi Gate is the western gate of Agra fort, forming its main entrance. Click to Tweet
Built by Akbar in A.D. 1566, one of his earliest architectural efforts. Click to Tweet
The structure, along with the ramparts flanking it is constructed of red sandstone. Click to Tweet
The front or outer façade consists of two broad octagonal towers joined by an archway, while the back or inner façade consists of arcaded terraces surmounted by cupolas, kiosks and pinnacles.
The gateway is large enough to accommodate a number of large rooms in the interior for guards. Click to Tweet
Architectural and decorative features such as arcades, arched recesses, patterns in white marble inlay give the structure an attractive appearance from all sides without detracting from its basic purpose as an essential part of the fortifications.
One motif, repeated on the borders is a conventional representation of a bird, contrary to the Islamic principle of taboo against representation of animate objects, reflecting the tolerant nature of Akbar’s reign.
Lahore Gate – Akbar Gate – Amar Singh Gate
The Lahore Gate is also popularly also known as the “Amar Singh Gate,” for Amar Singh Rathore. Click to Tweet
Because the Indian military (the Parachute Brigade in particular) is still using the northern portion of the Agra Fort, the Delhi Gate cannot be used by the public. Tourists enter via the Amar Singh Gate. Click to Tweet
Agra Fort Diwan I Am – Hall of Public Audience
Diwan-I-Am or Hall of Public Audience was the place where the emperor addressed the general public as well as the nobility. Click to Tweet
It was entirely made in marble because of Shah Jahan’s love for marble. Click to Tweet
The raised rectangular chamber from where the emperor addressed the people was heavily ornamented.
Made in marble, this ‘jharokha’ with a three-arched opening and inlaid with precious stones, was known as the ‘Takht-i-Murassa’ (the Throne Room).
This chamber was connected to the royal apartments and the royal ladies could watch the ceremonials of the Diwan-i-Am through the marble windows with perforated screens on the right and left of the enperor’s chamber, while not being seen by those in the hall.
The marble dias below this chamber was known as ‘Baithak’. It used to serve as the seat for Wazir, who presented petitions to the emperor.
It is said that the hall used to have silver balustrades for the nobility, where they could stand according to their ranks and the outlines of the columns and the spandrels were done in gold.
Agra Fort Diwan I Khas
Diwan-i-Khas or Hall of Private Audience was used by the emperor for the reception of important guests such as kings, ambassadors and nobles in private and to deal with important affairs of the state. Click to Tweet
Constructed in 1635, it had two halls and the interior hall was known as Tambi khana. Diwan-i-Khas had a flat wooden flat ceiling covered with gold and silver leaves in relief to imitate the rays of the sun.
Open on three sides, one can enter it through five arched openings supported on double columns.
Unlike other architectural example of Shah Jahan’s time, it had no chhatris over the parapet.
The Persian inscription inside the interior hall inlaid in black stone and dated 1636-37 compares the room to the highest heaven and the emperor to the sun.
The chambers were profusely decorated with highly refined inlay work in floral patterns on the borders of the dados and exquisite carvings in the middle in relief.
The work was done judiciously on the places selected carefully to present the work in the best possible manner.
The Mahal was the palace for women belonging to the royal household, and was used mainly by the Rajput wives of Akbar. Click to Tweet
The architecture is a blend of Hindu and Central Asian.
The palace was built by Jahangir as a token of love for his son Shah jahan who later became Emperor. Later on, Mughal empress Nur Jahan used this as her residence. Click to Tweet
Opening Hours for Agra Fort: 6:00 am – 6:00 pm, all 7 Days open
Entry Fee for Domestic/Indian Tourist: Rs 20
Entry Fee for International/Foreign Tourist: Rs 300
Best Time to Visit
October to March is the best time to visit Agra, when the weather is very conducive for travelling.
Photography Allowed or Not
Tourists are advised to hire approved guides & photographers who exhibit their identity cards. Click to Tweet
Other Places to See: